Rochester's new charter goes into effect; Stephen B. Story becomes the first city manager. The previous charter had been amended 67 times.
The Rochester subway system begins adding ten cars transferred from the Utica city lines of New York State Railways, to augment its two cars formerly run on the Rochester and Sodus Bay interurban.
Author Judith Krantz is born in New York City.
Author William Kennedy is born in Albany.
Eugene O'Neill's Strange Interlude has its New York premiere. It will win O'Neill his third Pulitzer Prize for Drama.
Batavia's Bank of the Genesee is renamed the Genesee Trust Company.
Rochester, Lockport and Buffalo Railroad interurban cars begin using the Rochester subway tracks.
Dutch-born Rochester building contractor Arendt Willem Hopeman dies at the age of 84.
Broadway producer Jed Harris and playwright George S. Kaufman encounter actress Ruth Gordon on West 44th Street. Harris and Gordon begin a relationship.
Rochester, Syracuse and Eastern Railway interurban cars begin using the Rochester subway tracks.
Temperatures in New York City drop to 29 degrees F, lowest here for this date.
Author Cynthia Ozick is born in New York City.
Rochester's Democrat and Chronicle publishes its first paper under the new ownership of the Gannett Co., Inc.
Children's book artist-author Maurice Sendak is born in Brooklyn.
The Goethals Bridge and the Outerbridge Crossing, linking Staten Island to New Jersey, open.
The Mancuso brothers buy Batavia's Buick franchise from Burt Welch.
Jean Lussier goes over Niagara Falls inside a rubber ball and survives.
The first all-talking movie, Lights of New York, premieres there.
Doctor Henry Ogden warns the Monroe County Board of Supervisors that Lake Ontario is becoming polluted.
Jed Harris's production of Ben Hecht and Charles MacArthur's The Front Page opens on Broadway.
Amelia Earhart takes off from Rye on a round trip, transcontinental flight.
Jed Harris appears on the cover of Time magazine.
The birth of Mickey Mouse as a sound star, as Steamboat Willie opens at New York's Colony Theater.
Earhart sets her aircraft down in Rye, her flight a success.
The Marx Brothers open at New York's Forty-fourth Street Theater in Animal Crackers.
New York mobster Arnold Rothstein is shot to death in his room at the Park Central (Omni Park Central) Hotel.
Herbert Hoover is elected President, defeating New York's Al Smith, partly because of the New York City-versus-State dichotomy. ** New York's zipper, a news wire display device using light bulb animation, begins 34 years of service, at 1 Times Square.
Temperatures in New York City climb to 73 degrees F, the highest here on record for the date.
Broadway composer Jerrold Lewis Bock is born in New Haven, Connecticut.
An apartment building is completed at 467 Central Park West. It will one day be named the Warner, after a sculptor with a studio previously on the site. ** The Tudor City apartment complex is completed. ** The Bing and Bing real estate company buys the apartment building at 777 Madison Avenue. ** The annex to the Pierpont Morgan Library is completed. ** The first black tenant moves into Harlem's previously segregated Graham Court apartments. ** The Gaelic Athletic Association of Greater New York begins holding sporting events at its land in the Bronx (later Gaelic Park). ** Apartment suites rent for $90 to $200 a month in Jackson Heights. ** Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center opens. ** Dancers Brown & McGraw, along with trumpeter Louis Bacon, arrive here. Bacon gets a job with Bingie Madison's band. ** The New York Rangers win hockey's Stanley Cup for the first time. ** George Arliss plays in The Merchant of Venice, ** The New York Yankees win the World Series for the second year in a row. ** The George Batten Company advertising agency merges with Barton, Durstine and Osborn, to create BBD&O. ** Irving Trust begins assembling real estate for a headquarters at 1 Wall Street. ** Writer Zora Neale Hurston received her B. A. in anthropology from Barnard College. ** Herbert Asbury's Gangs of New York. ** John Mead Howells' Panhellenic Tower, residence for women college graduates with sorority affiliations, at First Avenue and East 49th Street, is built. It will later become an apartment house, the Beekman Tower. ** Andrew J. Thomas's Thomas Garden Apartments building at 840 Grand Concourse in the Bronx is built. The five-story development was funded by John D. Rockefeller, Jr. as housing for middle-income families. ** Elizabeth Byron begins serving as her father Percy C. Byron's secretary in the family photography business.
A marker is erected in Silver Creek, at the former site of the giant black walnut tree. ** Republican politician and newspaper editor Clement G. Lanni hears Herbert Hoover speak to a group of foreign language editors, returns to Rochester to endorse Hoover against Al Smith. Coming in on Hoover's coattails assemblyman Cosmo A. Cilano advances to the state senate and Dr. Richard Leonardo becomes coroner. ** Hillside, the Wyoming mansion of the late Professor Henry A. Ward and his wife the late Lydia Coonley Ward, is sold. ** The approximate date Genesee County's West Batavia and Daws Corners post offices are shut down. ** The Rochester & Eastern Rapid Railway interurban begins issuing 54-trip ticket books to entice commuters. ** Schenectady's television station WGY goes on the air, producing programming three days a week. ** Donald Woodward builds the D. W. Airport on the west side of Le Roy's Asbury Road. ** Gerrit Smith Miller, grandson of abolitionist Gerrit Smith, gives the papers of Peter (his great grandfather) and Gerrit Smith to Syracuse University. ** Lewiston's Niagara Falls Memorial Park Association is incorporated to establish a cemetery on Military Road. ** Cortlandt-born Carl Carmer, columnist for the New Orleans Morning Tribune has French Town, a book of his poetry, privately published. ** The state acquires the vessel Tender #9 from the American Boiler Works at Erie, Pennsylvania. ** Historian Roger Whitman graduates from the University of Rochester, joins the staff of the Niagara Falls Gazette.
The steeple of United Church is dismantled and replaced with a smaller one. ** The steeple of St. John's Episcopal Church is removed and modifications are made to the tower battlements.
The city places a watchman in the Lincoln-Alliance Bank tower to watch for smokestack emissions. ** The Port of Rochester's imports reach $1,818,371. ** The owners of the Corinthian Theater consider remodeling the building as a five-story parking garage. ** The Chamber of Commerce invites the city's Italian community to participate in the city's annual Community Music Festival and Homelands Exhibit. ** The Renaissance Club of East High School presents the first of a series of Italian plays. ** Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected governor. ** The Lincoln National Bank Building is bought by the Union Trust Bank. ** The British convict ship Success visits Charlotte harbor, giving tours to 8,000 visitors. ** The Charlotte to Coburg, Ontario, car ferry Ontario I is forced into a mudbank in the Genesee River by a swift current. The Ontario II comes from Coburg to pull her out.
Franklin D. Roosevelt is inaugurated as governor.
New York's Broadway Theatre, at Broadway, Seventh Avenue and West 41st Street, in existence under its present name since 1887, presents its final vaudeville bill and film screening prior to demolition, scheduled over the next month or two. ** The U. S. and Canada sign an agreement to preserve Niagara Falls.
George Gershwin's Strike Up the Band opens on Broadway. ** A training school for policemen is organized in Rochester.
The jazz opera Johnny Spielt Auf opens at New York's Metropolitan Opera, is a big hit.
Members of the New York Stock Exchange are requested to authorize 275 additional seats.
Aviatrix Amelia Earhart lands her tri-motor Fokker the Friendship at Le Roy's D. W. Airport.
Captain Frank Hawks flies from New York to Los Angeles in a record 18 hours and 22 minutes.
A diathermy machine is first used, in a Schenectady hospital.
The Monroe County Bar Association votes against placing women on an equal basis with men for jury duty eligibility.
The new Honeoye Falls High School hosts it's first basketball game. The home team beats South Byron, 21-18. Local entrepreneur Ben Peer attends.
Governor Roosevelt advocates state-built dams.
The New York Stock Exchange goes into a downturn, then rallies.
Columbia University drama professor James Brander Matthews dies of influenza at his West 87th Street home in New York City at the age of 77.
New York Stock Exchange prices drop sharply. ** A sixty-mile an hour gale claims life and property losses in Rochester
Mary Pickford opens in New York in Coquette.
Temperatures in New York City reach 89 degrees F, highest here for this date.
Babe Ruth marries former Ziegfeld Follies performer Claire Hodgeson. He hits a home run for her.
Ruth Chatterton opens in New York in Madame X.
The state's gas-powered steel tow boat Tender #6 is moved to its new mooring at Rochester.
Bandleader-drummer Melvin Sokoloff "Mel Lewis" is born in Buffalo.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art acquires Jean Goujon's 16th-century Descent from the Cross. ** Broadway composer Burt Bacharach is born in Kansas City.
New York City begins building the West Side Highway.
Operatic coloratura soprano-manager Belle Silverman (Beverly Sills) is born in Brooklyn.
The first all-color talking picture, On with the Show, opens in New York City.
Lewiston's Niagara Falls Memorial Park Association cemetery on Military Road is dedicated.
The R.H. Macy Company announces the purchase of Newark's L. Bamberger & Company. ** Airline service is inaugurated between Buffalo and Toronto.
A shootout at "Legs" Diamond's New York City Hotsy-Totsy Club leaves "Red" Cassidy and another mobster dead. Diamond and his henchman Charles Entratta are accused and indicted but are never convicted of the shooting.
1,300 convicts begin four days of rioting at Dannemora Prison, setting the facility on fire. Three prisoners are killed.
Colleen Moore opens in New York in Smiling Irish Eyes.
1,700 convicts in Auburn Prison riot and set fire to the installation. Four escape over the wall.
An earthquake measuring the equivalent of 5.2 on today's Richter Scale strikes the Attica area.
Anne Morrow Lindbergh makes her first solo flight, at Hicksville, Long Island.
The Graf Zeppelin returns to Lakehurst, New Jersey, setting the around-the-world speed record of 21 days, seven hours and 26 minutes. Thousands in the Rochester area wait in vain to catch a glimpse of the airship, later learn the route had been changed. ** The new Sears, Roebuck & Company store on Monroe Avenue in Rochester opens for business.
Future Hammondsport , New York, mayor C. Arthur Niver marries Julia Bauer.
New York to Costa Rica radio service is inaugurated.
The New York Stock Exchange closes at an all-time high of 381.17.
A wave of selling begins on the stock market.
The Episcopalian Vestry of St. Matthews in New York City, upholds the barring of blacks from the parish.
Stocks begin to sag in New York due to a surge of liquidation.
Honeoye Falls entrepreneur Ben Peer hosts a benefit dance for indigent local gunsmith Mike Tucker and his wife, at the West Bloomfield Town Hall.
A wave of selling begins on New York's stock exchange.
A wave of selling sends the New York Stock Exchange plummeting.
The New York Stock Exchange plummets again.
Wall Street rebounds.
New York's stock market begins its crash. ** The first all-air transcontinental passenger service, New York to Los Angeles,with one overnight stop, is inaugurated.
Panic strikes the financial markets as traders begin dumping their stocks into the market - Black Thursday. The New York Exchange's ticker falls four hours behind. J. P. Morgan meets with other bankers to try and stem rumors. 6,000 shares of Montgomery Ward changes hands at 83, down from its 1929 high of 156. Broker Richard F. Whitney offers $205 per share for 25,000 shares of Steel, at 15 points above the market. General Electric rises 21 points, Montgomery Ward 23, A.T.&T. up 22. Wheat drops from $1.40 to $1.31 a bushel in six minutes. Seattle finance company secretary Arthur Bathstein shoots himself.
The Pierce-Arrow Finance Corporation changes its name to C.I.T. Finance Corporation.
The cornerstone is laid for Ralph W. Walker's Times Square Building in Rochester. ** 16,338,000 shares of U.S. company stocks were dumped.
William F. Githens opens an around-the-clock newsreel theater in New York's Grand Central Station.
New York City Democratic mayor James J. Walker is reelected, defeating Republican Fiorello H. La Guardia and Socialist Norman Thomas. He will serve through 1932.
New York's Museum of Modern Art opens in the Hecksher Building with an exhibit of Impressionist Art.
James J. Riordan, president of New York's County Trust Company, shoots himself.
A new selling rush sends New York stocks plunging again.
New York City's radio station WEAF presents Madame Butterfly, the first Puccini broadcast. ** Temperatures in New York City reach 72 degrees F, the highest here for this date.
Ernest Lubitsch's Hollywood musical The Love Parade has its New York premiere at the Criterion Theatre. Jeanette MacDonald and Maurice Chevalier play the leads.
Cole Porter's musical Fifty Million Frenchmen opens on Broadway.
American Bandstand television host Dick Clark is born in Mount Vernon.
The American League for Physical Culture, the first nudist organization in the U. S., is founded in New York City.
Eight convicts are killed when the warden of Auburn Prison is rescued-the second riot for the prison this year.
Victor Herbert's operetta Babes in Toyland opens on Broadway.
The Beresford apartment building is completed.** Construction begins on the London Terrace apartments between 23rd and 24th streets and Ninth and Tenth avenues when builder Henry Mandel builds two rows of 16-story apartment houses. ** Trumpeter Louis Bacon joins Lt. J. Tim Brymn's band. ** The conversion to ground floor retail space at 777 Madison Avenue causes the corner entrance to be moved around the corner to 45 East 66th Street. ** Mayor Jimmy Walker conducts the marriage ceremony of comedienne Fanny Brice and producer Billy Rose. ** The show business weekly Variety gets out of debt. ** Damon Runyon begins writing stories centered on the Times Square area. ** Painter Jackson Pollock leaves the West Coast for New York. ** Sculptor William Zorach begins teaching at the Art Students League. ** The Little Show musical revue opens featuring Fred Allen, Clifton Webb and Libby Holman. ** Playwright Howard Sackler is born. ** Poe scholar Thomas O. Mabbott begins teaching at Hunter College. He writes Poe's Doings of Gotham. ** The Marx Brothers work on their screen debut, Coconuts, during the day and star on Broadway at night. ** Military analyst Hanson Baldwin goes to work for the New York Times. ** Future reporter Homer Bigart enrolls in the New York University School of Journalism goes to work for the New York Herald Tribune as a night copy boy. He drops out of school by the end of the year and begins working full time for the Trib ** Paris-based U. S. photographer Berenice Abbott visits the city after eight years studying and working in Europe, decides to remain and record its changing face. She brings her collection of the late Eugéne Atget's photographs with her. ** Brooklyn's Trade Facilities Building, begun last year at Furman and Joralemon streets, is completed, to serve as loft space. ** William Benton and Chester Bowles leave the George Batten advertising agency to form their own agency. ** Brooklyn's Williamsburg Savings Bank is built. ** 19th-Century Columbia professor Lorenzo daPonte's Memoirs is published. ** Construction begins on the 50 story Irving Trust headquarters building at 1 Wall Street, designed by the firm of Voorhees, Gmelin & Walker. ** Producer Jed Harris and actress Ruth Gordon have a son, Jones, out of wedlock, keep it secret. ** Giuseppi Sterni founds the Teatro D'Arte, to promote serious Italian drama in the U. S. ** Columbia University drama professor Brander Matthews dies. ** Helmle, Corbett & Harrison, and Sugarman & Berger's 27-story One Fifth Avenue apartment building is built.
Abruzzi immigrant Augustino Iacovelli moves to the Binghamton area, goes to work for Endicott-Johnson. ** Amelia Earhart visits the Chautauqua Institute, landing her plane near the golf course. ** Cartoonist Charles Addams begins two years of study at Colgate University. ** Governor Roosevelt begins using his wife Eleanor as his eyes and ears to inspect state institutions. ** New York Parks Commissioner Robert Moses' Jones Beach public resort opens on the South Shore of Long Island. ** Merritt Landon begins publishing Hammondsport's The Grape Belt newspaper as a rival to the Herald. ** Mining magnate August Hecksher donates money to buy land in East Islip for the park that will bear his name, in a ceremony with Lieutenant-governor Herbert Lehman and former governor Al Smith. ** Cecililia Bolles Jackson goes to work as the Newark correspondent for the Rochester Gannett newspapers, the Democrat & Chronicle and the Times-Union. ** An early Honeoye Falls house on East Street is demolished to make way for the Rittenhouse chime factory. ** The Alfred Corning Clark Gymnasium on Main Street at Cooper Park in Cooperstown is built. ** Augustus Hoffman finds what appears to be a Viking spear head on Sodus Bay. ** The legislature sets aside $70,000 to celebrate the upcoming American Revolution sesquicentennial celebration of the Sullivan Campaign.
Mayor Charles A. Williams is inaugurated. ** Box manufacturer E. Newton Rowell dies. His wife Martha May takes over the management of the company.
Construction begins on Dietel, Wade and Jones' city hall. ** Photography bug Cornelius Ryer moves to Broadway and Walnut streets with his family.
Irish Republic president Eamonn de Valera comes to visit his mother, Catherine Wheelright. ** The value of Port of Rochester lake trade reaches $20,472,916. ** The Corinthian Theater is demolished for a parking lot. ** Pasquale F. Metildi graduates from the University of Rochester Medical School with high honors. ** Alfonso Gioia is elected as a bank trustee. ** St. Francis of Assisi Italian Catholic church is established. ** New York State Railways enters receivership. ** The eastern end of the city's subway is extended to Rowland's loop in Brighton, its final terminus. ** Trolley service to Sodus Bay is replaced by bus service via Route 104. ** The U. S. Army Air Corps commissions Bausch and Lomb to produce a product to reduce sun glare for pilots, resulting in the development of Ray-Ban sunglasses. ** Radio station WHEC moves from the Hickson Electric Company and the Seneca Hotel to the new Rochester Savings Bank Building at 40 Franklin Street. ** Newspaperman Lloyd E. Klos moves to Irondequoit. ** Construction begins on the Eastman School of Music and adjoining Eastman Theatre. ** The Rochester Red Wings baseball team plays their first game in the new Silver Stadium on Norton Street. ** Buffalo Forge Company president Henry W. Wendt dies, leaving the company to sons Edgar and Henry.
Pop singer Julius LaRosa is born in Brooklyn.
Temperatures in New York City reach 64 degrees F, highest here for this date.
Rochester's Monroe High School holds its first lip reading classes.
Rochester's Kodak headquarters building has three stories added, making it the city's tallest.
Brooklyn Dodgers outfielder Edmundo Isasi "Sandy" Amoros is born in Havana, Cuba.
Temperatures in New York City rise to 68 degrees F, highest here for this date.
Temperatures in New York City rise to 75 degree F, highest here for this date.
Several thousand people gather in Rochester's Washington Square Park to protest unemployment.
The principal excavation for the Empire State Building begins.
Construction begins on the Empire State Building.
Composer Stephen Sondheim is born in New York City.
Corning discontinues trolley service.
Governor Franklin Roosevelt names Joseph Crater to the State Supreme Court bench.
Jazz flutist Herbert Jay Solomon (Herbie Mann) is born in Brooklyn.
Scriptwriter-director Paul Mazursky is born in Brooklyn.
Opera star Roberta Peters is born in New York City.
Author Stanley Elkin is born in New York City.
The cornerstone of Rochester's St. Margaret Mary School on Rogers Parkway is laid, with local clergyman the Right Reverend John Francis O'Hearn and Charleston, South Carolina's the Right Reverend Emmett J. Walsh officiating.
The Paramount Theater in Peekskill opens.
Judge Crater spends the month at his Maine retreat.
New York Yankees owner George Steinbrenner is born.
The Rochester and Eastern Rapid Railway interurban makes its last run. ** Canandaigua discontinues trolley service.
Judge Crater receives a phone call, rushes back to Manhattan.
New York State Supreme Court Justice Joseph Force Crater gathers papers from his Manhattan office and cashes two checks for $3,000. After dining with friends at a mid- town steakhouse that evening he enters a Manhattan taxi and disappears. He is never found.
The Mid-Hudson Bridge at Poughkeepsie opens.
New York State places Tender #10 into operation.
An attempt on "Legs" Diamond's life in Manhattan leaves him with five bullets in his chest and forehead. He survives.
Author Clifford Irving is born in New York City.
New York City reaches its lowest temperature for the date, 29 degrees F.
Temperatures in New York City drop to 15 degrees F, the lowest temperature here for this date.
The Bank of the U. S. in New York City is closed by the state superintendent of Banks.
New York City's Police Bureau of Criminal Alien Investigation is formed.
The state's gas-powered steel tow boat Tender #6 is moved to its new mooring at Lockport, from Rochester.
Raymond Hood's Daily News Building and James A. Wetmore's U. S. Assay Building, in lower Manhattan, are completed. ** Manhattan's West Side Highway opens. ** The San Remo apartment building is completed. ** Henry Mandel begins the second phase of his London Terrace, beginning construction on pairs of 18-story apartment houses at Ninth and Tenth avenues. ** Circulation of the Daily News reaches 1,300,000. ** The city's population reaches 6,000,000. 96% live in apartment buildings. ** The New Yorker publishes copywriter Ogden Nash's poem "Spring Comes to Murray Hill". ** Dr. Toyohiko Takami is elected president of the Japanese Association, serves to 1933. ** George and Ira Gershwin's musical Girl Crazy opens. ** Jean Wade Rindlaub joins the advertising firm of Batten, Barton, Durstine & Osborne (BBD&O) as a copywriter. ** Marya Mannes' play Café flops on Broadway. ** Will Weng becomes a reporter for the New York Times. ** The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) opens an experimental television transmitter. ** Mount Sinai Hospital develops the first cardiac stress test. ** New York Yankees shortstop Mark Koenig is traded to Detroit. ** The approximate date the American Female Guardian Society adds a wing to their Woodycrest Children's Home in the Bronx. ** Automotive tycoon Walter P. Chrysler arranges to fund construction of a building named after his family's company.
Extensive dikes are constructed along the Hudson River in the Troy area. ** Commercial fish hatchery owner James Annin dies. ** Robert Moses chooses Rosebud Frantz, grandniece of Sitting Bull, to run the Indian Village at Jones Beach State Park. ** A study by the Utica Chamber of Commerce reveals that the city is paying twice as much for their water as Syracuse does; six times the rate of Schenectady. ** Napoli's 1890 Gladden Windmill ceases operations. ** Dominic Mancuso expands his family's Batavia dance hall and recreation in Mancuso's Restaurant and Bowling Alley. ** Waldo R. Browne's Chronicles of an American Home tells the story of Wyoming'sHillside mansion. ** Warsaw's hospital is taken over by Wyoming County. ** The hamlet of Indian Springs contains a hotel and a church, 25 houses and two cemeteries. Its inhabitants will have to relocate because of construction of a twenty mile pipeline connecting Albany with a new source of municipal water at Hannacrois and Basic Creeks in the Heidelburgs, as well as a dam nearby. ** Governor Roosevelt sends his wife Eleanor on a fact-finding mission to Puerto Rico to check on working conditions in factories importing to the States. ** Merritt Landon, publisher of the Keuka Grape Belt newspaper, buys the Hammondsport Herald.
The city's population reaches 127,000. ** The approximate date the clapboard Shaker meeting house at Watervliet is faced with brick, and a porch, dormers and tile roof are added to the Brethren's Shop and Sisters' Workshop. ** The Sacanadaga Dam is built to stop downtown flooding.
The Veteran's Memorial Bridge is completed, on Ridge Road. ** The Most Precious Blood Chapel Italian Catholic church is established. ** Wegmans opens a 20,000 square-foot "showplace" store on Clinton Avenue with a cafeteria seating 300. ** Sax Smith and his String Orchestra are featured on WHAM radio. ** Bausch and Lomb develop green anti-glare lenses for the U. S. Army Air Corps. ** The population reaches 325,000, nearly double that of 1900 (163,000).
American Airways (later American Airlines) is formed, including the former Toronto- Buffalo line American Colonial Airways.
© 2004 David Minor / Eagles Byte
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