Frank Sanger and Al Hayman's 1099-seat Empire Theatre, designed by J. B. McElfatrick & Co., at 1426-28 Broadway and 116-122 West 40th Street in New York City, opens with Charles Frohman's production of David Belasco's The Girl I Left Behind Me, starring Katherine Florence, Odette Tyler, Edna Wallace, Theodore Roberts, and Nelson Wheatcroft.
Convicted murderer Carlyle W. Harris is given a temporary stay of execution in New York's Court of General Sessions on a motion by his attorney, William F. Howe, and assistant district attorney Francis L. Wellman, for a new trial. ** Kingston lawyer A. H. Van Buren receives a note from a Miss McKinstry who had taught in the New York school attended by Helen Potts, attesting that McKinstry had interviewed the school's former principal, now in Philadelphia, at Van Buren's request, and who attested that Potts was addicted to heroin and morphine and often threatened suicide. Van Buren travels to New York to present the evidence to Recorder (city judge) Frederick Smyth.
An advertisement is placed in a New York City newspaper by the law firm of Howe & Hummel on behalf of Carlyle Harris' mother, seeking the whereabouts of former drug clerk Carl Haaman, who had made an affidavit to the effect that alleged victim Helen Potts had been a morphine addict. Other paper are requested to copy.
New York's Glen Haven Railroad purchases the Rochester and Glen Haven interurban line and reorganizes it.
Mrs Margaret Fox-Kane, one of the Spiritualist Fox Sisters, dies in Brooklyn, in poverty.
Condemned murderer Carlyle Harris is interviewed by a New York Times reporter.
In spite of his hour-and-a-half argument for his own innocence Harris' death penalty sentence is upheld by recorder Smyth.
Harris is moved from the Tombs to Sing Sing.
New York's Italian-American Amateur Theatre Club presents a triple bill at the Germanic Assembly Rooms on the Bowery, consisting of Cavalleria Rusticana, The Sea Wolf, and Bernardino Ciambelli children's drama Children's Hearts!. Intermission music is provided by Raffaele Codeluppi.
Dancer Irene Foote (Castle) is born in New Rochelle.
The New York State Assembly passes a bill abolishing capital punishment but the state senate kills a similar bill, dooming both the abolition attempt and accused murderer Carlyle Harris.
Governor Roswell Pettibone Flower is interviewed by the NY Times, denies he's made any effort to commute Carlyle Harris's death sentence.
A Naval Parade is held in New York harbor to celebrate the upcoming World's Columbian Exposition. Ten nations are represented with over 10,000 officers and crew taking part. England's Blake and France's Jean Bart are part of the parade fleet.
Prices on the New York Stock Exchange decline rapidly and many shares of industrial stocks are liquidated.
A Central Park-Broadway-Bowling Green cable car line is completed along New York City's Seventh Avenue.
New York Stock Exchange securities plunge. A financial panic ensues. ** Carlyle Harris' mother arrives at Sing Sing Prison from Northfield, Massachusetts, along with her youngest son Allan. They visit Carlyle.
Harris is executed.
New York Central's Empire State Express train, Number 999, with Batavia engineer Charles Hogan at the throttle, goes 112.5 mph, between Batavia and Buffalo.
A committee of citizens meets at Auburn's court house to make plans for celebrating the city's centennial (founded in 1792 as Hardenbergh's Corners).
Auburn adopts a city seal designed by Frank R. Rathbun, featuring crossed peace pipes, and a bowed arm with hammer, and the motto Pax et Labor. They are distributed to schoolchildren as well as being sold for 25 cents.
The temperature in Auburn reaches 86 degrees F.
Lumber handlers in Tonawanda go out on strike. The militia is sent in to maintain order.
The American stock market crashes, beginning a four-year depression.
Waldorf-Astoria Hotel proprietor George C. Boldt and his family stay at Colonel Orren G. Staples's Thousand Island House in Alexandria Bay.
President Grover Cleveland undergoes surgery for sarcoma of the upper jaw. The operation is kept secret, performed on a yacht in New York harbor.
Members of Rochester's Italian immigrant Bersagliere La Marmora society first march in the city's Independence Day parade.
German immigrant Otto H. Kahn arrives in New York City.
The Lake Ontario steamboat North King carries a large number of children, sponsored by the Rochester Post Express, on a 20-mile excursion.
Former New York governor and U. S. Secretary of State Hamilton Fish dies at Garrison, at the age of 85.
English playwright and songwriter Brandon Thomas's Charley's Aunt opens at New York's Standard Theatre, with Etienne Girardot in the title role.
Historian-folklorist Carl Lamson Carmer is born in Cortland to Dansville high school principal Willis Griswold Carmer and Mary Lamson Carmer.
Reginald De Koven and Glen McDonough's operetta The Algerian, based on an incident in Alphonse Daudet's Tartarin de Tarascon, and featuring Marie Tempest, Adele Ritchie (who fainted on stage but recovered and continued), Rose Flagman, Julius Steger, Frank David, Joseph Herbert, Benjamin Lodge, and James S. Maffitt, opens at the Garden Theatre.
The first segment of New York City's Third Avenue cable railroad is completed.
Brooklyn's Atlantic Dock Company is bought by the New York Dock Company. ** Psychiatrist-educator Henry A. Murray, pioneer in personality theory, is born near the present site of Rockefeller Center.** William Waldorf Astor's Hotel Netherland is completed. ** Lillian D. Wald founds the Henry Street Settlement. ** Actress Lillian Russell moves into a West 73rd Street brownstone, invites the press in for a tour. ** Broadway has become known as The Great White Way, due to the brilliance of illuminated theater signs. ** Editor Lyman Abbott changes the name of the Congregationalist periodical Christian Union to Outlook . ** Resort owner John Starin becomes a member of the five-man Transit Commission. He's the one holdout against the Jay Gould interests, blocking a virtual takeover of the city's transit system. ** The Board of Aldermen has 32 members.
18 people are killed when the propeller ship Dean Richmond founders in Lake Erie, off Dunkirk's Van Buren Point. ** The Angelica Progress Club is founded, as an organization for women to study English literature and history. ** Deland Chemical of Fairport Village, major U. S. supplier of baking soda, burns to the ground. ** The Pittsburgh Reduction Company, a forerunner of the Aluminum Company of America (Alcoa) becomes the first commercial user of power from Niagara Falls. ** The Montauk Extension Railroad Company is chartered as part of the Long Island Railroad (LIRR). ** Donald Woodward is born to Genesee Pure Food Company founder Orator F. Woodward and his wife Cora - their third son. ** Long Island's Rockville Center is incorporated as a village. ** Le Roy's Asbury Methodist Episcopal Church is abandoned. ** Construction begins on a system to bring water from Lake Skaneateles to Syracuse. ** Dansville physician James Caleb Jackson ceases publication of his health magazine "Laws of Life". ** The Shaker site at Sonyea is sold; the 24 remaining inhabitants move east to the Watervliet site. ** Canandaigua begins electric streetcar (trolley) service. ** The Buffalo Forge Company begins manufacturing high-speed automatic engines. ** Dr. Mary Imogene Bassett returns to Cooperstown, goes into practice with her parents, doctors Mary A. and Wilson T. Bassett. ** Fisher W. Morehouse of Naples builds a gas buggy in his carriage shop, using bicycle wheels. ** Bath celebrates its centennial. ** Long Island's Montauks have signed away their rights to the Indian Field area of East Hampton to real estate developers.
The Holland Purchase Historical Society is founded, to preserve the Holland Land Office building as a museum. ** Architect Frank Homelius adds a section in front of his 1885 pump house on West Main Street to serve as the Municipal Building. E. J. Dellinger does the masonry work. The addition will serve as a electric generating station and as an aldermen's meeting room.
The State of New York forces local employers to fire some German and Polish factory workers because they cannot read or write English. ** Peter Gruber (Rattlesnake Pete) and his "pets" arrive from Oil City, Pennsylvania. He opens a combination bar and museum of curiosities on Mill Street. ** Clinton Avenue is extended south across the canal, to the city line. ** The Rochester Homeopathic Hospital moves from Monroe Avenue to Alexander Street. ** Dr. Edward M. Moore becomes the non-Baptist president of the board of the University of Rochester. ** East Main Street's Osborn House Block is demolished to make way for the construction of the Granite Building. ** The city has 103 confectionery stores.
Clara Wadsworth Bishop O'Rorke, widow of Colonel Patrick Henry O'Rorke, killed at Gettysburg, dies in a convent.
After nearly four years, Rochester's Democrat and Chronicle returns to publishing a Sunday paper.
Ballington Booth of the Salvation Army visits Rochester.
New York City's Third Avenue cable railway is extended south to City Hall.
A Rochester labor group agitates for eight-hour work day.
Temperatures in New York City drop to 20 degrees F, lowest here for this date.
Temperatures in New York City drop to 31 degrees F, lowest here for this date.
The Niagara Power and Development Company, under William T. Love, begins construction at La Salle on a power-generating canal linking the upper Niagara River with the lower.
Geneva inaugurates electric trolley service.
New York City hotel manager George C. Boldt leases the steam yacht Sophia for the month after visiting the Adirondacks earlier in the year, where he was the guest of honor at the Thousand Island Club in Alexandria Bay. Philadelphia criminal lawyer A. S. L. Shields, also been a guest, shares the boat with the Boldt family.
The first water flows from Lake Skaneateles to Syracuse through the new municipal conduit system. ** The cornerstone for Rochester's third Court House is laid.
Photographer Berenice Abbott is born in Springfield, Ohio.
The cornerstone of Rochester's Central Police Station is laid.
Electric trolley service begins in Canandaigua.
The Holland Land Office Museum in Batavia is dedicated, to the memory of General Agent Robert Morris. Six members of Grover Cleveland's Cabinet and descendants of Morris are in attendance. U. S. Treasury Secretary John G. Carlisle delivers the main oration.
A Columbus Avenue cable railway is completed. ** Merchant-banker William L. Strong, running on the Republican ticket, defeats former Democratic mayor Hugh J. Grant to become mayor, serving 1895-1897. The state legislature begins pushing for a consolidation of the five boroughs. ** The song The Sidewalks of New York debuts. ** Brooklyn annexes the towns of Flatbush, Gravesend and New Utrecht. ** The Society of Beaux Arts Architects open the Beaux-Arts Institute of Design. ** The five- man Transit Commission resigns and is replaced with a second commission, with resort owner John Starin again among the members. ** The Favilla Brothers open a factory on Haward Street to manufacture musical instruments. They will have a store on Grand Street.
The Holland Purchase Historical Society is formed to restore Batavia's Land Office building and turn it into a museum, after newspaperman Colonel William Seaver warnsthe building is deteriorating badly. ** During a baseball game between the towns of Pittsford and Honeoye Falls, fans of the former heckle their rivals so badly that five members of the team walk off the field. The Honeoye Falls manager and four volunteers fill in to complete the game. They are victorious, 10-9. ** The Syracuse water commission replaces and installs 57 miles of distribution pipe. ** Buffalo's Church of Our Saviour is organized, leading to the start of the Polish Baptist Movement. ** James I. George and his brother David S. George form George Brothers Nursery at Lovetts Corners (East Penfield). ** The state legislature authorizes the building of a woman's correctional facility at Bedford. It will not be built until 1901. ** Historian Henry Allen Moe is born. ** U. S. elections are held. Republicans carry Iowa, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York (by a plurality of 25,000), and Ohio. Many women register to vote for school commissioners but are barred on grounds of unconstitutionality. The ruling is upheld by the Court of Appeals.
The main entrance to the Broad Street City Hall is removed when an arcade is built to connect the building to the County Building. ** The Rochester Railway Company leases the Rochester Electric Railway. ** The 11-story, steel-frame Granite Building at 85 East Main Street is completed. Sibley's Department Store is the major tenant. ** The 12-story Rochester Chamber of Commerce Building at South and East Main is built.
The Niagara Falls Park & River Railway extends its line from Chippewa, Ontario, upriver to Slater's Dock to meet Buffalo steamships.
Keyless fire alarm boxes are installed in downtown Rochester.
Rochester sees its first Kinetescope show.
Broadway and film composer and librettist Buddy George Gard Desylva is born in New York City.
New York City lawyer and social arbiter Samuel Ward McAllister dies at the age of 68.
Temperatures in New York City drop to 4 degrees below 0 F, lowest here for this date.
Black abolitionist Frederick Douglass dies in Washington, D. C., at the age of 77, after speaking at a meeting of the National Council of Women.
The Grandview Beach trolley system, north of Rochester along Lake Ontario, is foreclosed.
The Grandview Beach trolley system, renamed the Rochester, Charlotte & Manitou Beach Railway, is chartered.
Citizens of Charlotte hold a mass meeting, vote against joining the city of Rochester.
Actor-manager Richard Mansfield, new owner of the former Harrigan Theatre, renamed the Garrick, reopens the playhouse with a production of George Bernard Shaw's Arms and the Man, starring himself, Beatrice Cameron, and Henry Jewett.
A price war in Rochester reduces the cost of bread there to 4¢ a loaf.
The first cat show is held, at New York City's Madison Square Garden.
Producer Rudolph Aronson is dispossessed as manager of New York's Casino Theatre, for non-payment of taxes and rent. The Casino reverts to the Bisby estate, owners of the property on the east side of Broadway at West 39th Street.
The Coney Island bicycle path opens. An eight-man Wheeled What-Is-It tandem bicycle makes a run down from Boston for the opening.
The Harlem Ship Canal, creating a deeper navigation between the Hudson River and Hellgate, on the Harlem River, is opened for commerce.
Cornell University grants Caroline Willard Baldwin a doctor of science degree, making her the first woman to earn the degree.
The Lehigh Valley Railroad is completed from Honeoye Falls, Lima, Livonia and Hemlock village to Hemlock Lake.
Lyricist Oscar Hammerstein II is born in New York City.
German-born artist Fritz Vogt paints the Henry F. Burkhart residence in Canajoharie.
A strong thunderstorm hits New York City.
Comedian Irving Lahrheim (Bert Lahr) is born at First Avenue and 81st Street in New York City.
Electric trolley service begins in Lockport.
The Niagara Falls & Lewiston Railroad Company begins water-level trolley service on the U. S. side of the Niagara River gorge.
William Randolph Hearst purchases the New York Morning Journal, begins a circulation war with Joseph Pulitzer's World. ** Members of Rochester's Bersagliere La Marmora and Societa Italiano march in the city's Victor Emmanuel Day celebration. ** The Great Gorge trolley route opens between Niagara Falls and the Buttery Elevator.
The Rochester and Glen Haven Railroad interurban is foreclosed. It will be reorganized as the Irondequoit Park Railroad.
The Irondequoit Park Railroad is chartered.
Regular electric trolley service is begun on part of the Corning & Painted Post line.
Rochester inventor George B. Selden is granted a patent on a gasoline-powered vehicle, 16 years after first applying for one.
Temperatures in New York City rise to 60 degrees F, highest recorded here for this date.
A hurricane strikes Rochester.
A Lexington Avenue cable railway is completed. ** The Harlem River and the Spuyten Duyvil Creek are widened and joined to form the Harlem River Ship Canal. ** Black violinist Will Marion Cook makes his solo debut at Carnegie Hall. He will later become a composer of Vaudeville and Broadway musicals. ** Black composer Gussie Lord Davis wins a New York World prize as the second most popular songwriter in the country. ** Teddy Roosevelt becomes head of the Board of Police Commissions. ** Bruce Price's American Surety Company building (later the Bank of Tokyo) at 100 Broadway, is completed. ** The state legislature holds back on a consolidation of the city's five boroughs. ** The eastern Bronx is annexed. ** The Baychester area of the Bronx, used since the 1870s by a cucumber farm and pickle factory, is given over to the raising of strawberries. ** Joseph and Percy Byron photograph the America's Cup sailing races for Joseph Pulitzer's New York World. The results are flown by carrier pigeon to the paper's city desk at Frankfort Street. ** The New York Life insurance company establishes incentives for top agents, called Nylics.
New York declares state-owned portions of the Adirondack Mountain region "forever wild". ** Mamaroneck is incorporated. ** George W. Cowles ' Landmarks of Wayne County is published in Syracuse. ** Financier J. P. Morgan's Adirondack camp, Camp Uncas, is completed by promoter William West Durant. ** A statue of reformer Emma Willard is erected in Troy. ** The Montauk Extension Railroad Company, part of the Long Island Railroad (LIRR), goes into service. ** The Boatman's Association formed recently by Erie Canal workers to protest against unfair distribution practices, goes on strike. A Captain Philips and his son are killed by boatmen while trying to take on a load of lumber in Tonawanda. ** Construction begins on the second enlargement of the Erie Canal, a project costing $9,000,000. The channel will be deepened from seven feet to nine. ** McKim, Mead & White's 84 acre Echota development is completed. ** Niagara Falls' Hydraulic Canal s widened to 100 feet and deepened to an average of ten feet. ** William F. Peck's Landmarks of Monroe County, NY. ** John McKechnie purchases Canandaigua's Peter Porter House at 210 North Main Street. ** The approximate date Honeoye Falls entrepreneur Ben Peer has his portrait taken by the Vanderlinder Studio.
Empire Stores sells its waterfront complex to the New York Dock Company. ** A building on the Revolutionary site of the Battle of Brooklyn in Gowanus, currently used by the Brooklyn Dodgers as a clubhouse, is destroyed.
Educator Frank N. McMurray founds the School of Pedagogy at the University of Buffalo. ** The Adam Mickiewicz Dramatic Circle is organized at the Mickiewicz Library, to produce Polish plays for the community. ** Architect Stanford White submits designs for the George L. Williams mansion.
Two tollgates are set up along St. Paul Boulevard. ** Barbers decide to close on Sundays, and are criticized for violating the right to shave on Sunday. ** Architects Claude Bragdon and Harvey Ellis dissolve their partnership. Bragdon heads for Europe. ** The city acquires Maple Grove, renaming it Maplewood Park. ** Anthony W. Fromen becomes the first Italian to graduate from St. Patrick's School. ** Irondequoit High School is built. ** The city annexes Brighton's Leighton Lea Tract, increasing its own total area to 18.55 square miles. ** The West Avenue horsecar line, between Bull's Head and the terminus, is converted to electricity-the last part of the system to do so. ** John Devoy publishes Rochester and the Post Express: A History of the City of Rochester, complete with sketches. ** The Rochester Homeopathic Hospital gets its first ambulances. ** The French daredevil Blondin walks the tightrope between two 90-foot poles at Ontario Beach. ** Dentist and machine gun inventor Josephus Requa is elected to the Rochester Historical Society. ** The Country Club of Rochester is founded. ** The Knights of Pythias hold their annual convention here.
German immigrant Otto H. Kahn marries Addie Wolff, daughter of financier Abraham Wolff of Kuhn, Loeb and Company.
The first woman's bicycle marathon begins in Madison Square Garden. ** Temperatures in New York City plunge to 2 degrees below 0 F, lowest here for this date.
New York temperatures bottom out at 6 degrees F, lowest here for this date.
Frankie Nelson wins the woman's bicycle marathon, peddling 418 miles.
Novelist John Roderigo Madison (John Dos Passos) is born out of wedlock in Chicago, to Lucy Addison Sprigg Madison, of Petersburg, Virginia, and John Randolph Dos Passos, a prominent New York City corporation lawyer.
Civil War photographer Matthew B. Brady dies in New York City.
The x-ray machine has its first U. S. demonstration, in New York City.
Comedian George Burns is born in New York City.
Temperatures in New York City drop to 5 degrees below 0 F, lowest here for this date.
A heavy spring thaw arrives in western New York.
Gill Creek in the town of Niagara Falls floods. Streets in the Echota development are under water until sluicewys are cut in a railroad embankment holding the water in.
Playwright Robert Emmett Sherwood is born in New Rochelle.
Temperatures in New York City climb to 88 degrees F, highest here for this date.
Lawyer and author Austin Abbott dies in New York City at the age of 64.
Charles Klein, Thomas Frost and John Philip Sousa's El Capitan opens at New York's Broadway Theatre.
After a three-day postponement, Koster & Bial's music hall on New York City's West 34th Street presents the first American showing of a motion picture.
The first automobile accident is reported, in New York City.
The Lehigh Valley Railroad's Black Diamond passenger express begins runs between New York City's Pennsylvania Station and Buffalo.
The Irondequoit Park Railroad interurban goes into service.
Trolley service on Niagara Falls' Great Gorge Route is extended to Lewiston.
George Harbo and Frank Samuelson became the first to row across the Atlantic Ocean, arriving from New York City at England's Isles of Scilly, after 56 days.
A convention of deaf mutes is held in Rochester.
Rochester's third Monroe County Court House (today's Monroe County Office Building), designed by architect J. Foster Warner opens at 39 West Main Street. The building cost $805,008,642.
Chop suey originates, in New York City, when the chef to visiting Chinese Ambassador Li Hung-chang invents the dish.
Hearing physiology pioneer Hallowell Davis is born in New York City. ** Austrian immigrant Antone Stander arrives at Bonanza Creek in the Klondike with prospector Jay Whipple, California brakeman Frank Keller, New Yorker A. J. Clements and Michigan farm boy Frank Phiscator.
The New York Times publishes first illustrated Sunday supplement.
Lyricist Howard Dietz is born in New York City.
The first burial is made in Lewiston's Riverdale Association cemetery, on land donated this year by the Lewiston Investment Company. The site was formerly the J. Colt Farm.
Theatrical manager Henry Eugene Abbey dies in New York City, at the age of 50.
Rochester audiences see their first public film showing, at the Wonderland Theatre (formerly the Musee), a Lumiere Cinematograph film.
Temperatures in New York City rise to 72 degrees F, the highest temperature here for this date.
The first Certified Public Accountants (CPA) are licensed, in New York City.
Composer Roger Huntington Sessions is born in Brooklyn.
George E. Bissell's statue of former mayor Abraham De Peyster is erected in Bowling Green. ** The New York Aquarium opens on the former site of the Emigrant Landing Depot in southern Manhattan. ** Charles W. Morse corners the city's ice market, incorporates as the American Ice Company. ** John H. Taylor organizes Oakland Golf Club, on his Queens property, become its first president. ** Adolph Ochs buys the New York Times. ** Nathaniel Hawthorne's daughter Rose opens a cancer clinic in New York City. ** The state legislature reverses itself again, pushes for a consolidation of the city's five boroughs. ** Rally Day, celebrating the Sunday school movement, is held throughout Brooklyn. ** The city of Brooklyn annexes the town of Flatlands. Kings County and the city become coterminous. ** CharlesHaskell's Reminiscences of New York by an Octogenarian (1816 - 1860) is published by Harper & Brothers. ** Actor Guglielmo Ricciardi returns to Sorrento, Italy, for a visit, has his portrait painted.
The P. W. Minor and Son shoe factory moves to Batavia. ** Poughkeepsie's DeLaval Separator Company (today's Alfa-Laval, Inc.) is founded. ** Le Roy patent medicine manufacturer Orator F. Woodward begins marketing the cereal-based coffee Graino. ** Pianist Monica Dailey graduates from the Buffalo School of Music. ** Future lawyer Alice Day (Gardner) graduates from Smith College with a bachelor of arts degree. ** Pocket knife salesman Millard F. Robeson founds a cutlery plant in Perry. ** The Erie Canal is enlarged a second time. ** Mrs. William (Mary) McLatchey becomes the first female pastor of the East Penfield Baptist Church, serves to 1901. ** Herman L. Fairchild begins studying the glacial history of the Genesee Valley. ** William T. Love's power generating canal project at La Salle, runs out of funds while only partially completed. ** The John Greig mansion on Canandaigua's Scotland Road (street no longer in existence) is donated to the Episcopal Church for a parsonage and moved to Gibson Street.
The Great Northern grain elevator is built. ** Adler and Sullivan's Guaranty Building (later the Prudential Building) in completed.
West side Italian homeowners form the West End Political Club. The Italian Columbia Military Band is also formed. ** Claude Bragdon returns to Rochester from Europe and goes into partnership with an architect named Hillman. ** Charles E. Lanni becomes the first Italian to complete the city's public school course.
© 2004 David Minor / Eagles Byte