The widow of Chief Wyandanch, in gratitude for the kindness shown to her late husband and his people by Maidstone (East Hampton), ratifies an early deed of land and makes an additional allotment to the town, for a payment of £10 and ten bushels of Indian corn, paid annually over a ten-year period. By forfeiting the payment the Indians are given permission to live on the land at Montauk.
Maidstone and the Montauketts petition the New England commissioners for a zone of safety, six miles in all directions, protecting themselves from marauding Naragansetts.
Maidstone residents are told that none of the recently-purchased high land at Montauk Point called Meantaquit (Mantack, Meantaucutt, Meantucket, Meantauk, or Munnawtawkit) is to be resold to outsiders, on pain of a £30 fine.
Maidtone (East Hampton), Southamption and Southold are given permission by Connecticut to defend themselves against invading Indians.
Asser Levy is the first kosher butcher to be licensed in New Amsterdam.
Population raeches 1500.
A French mission is established at Boughton Hill (Gannagaro). The name means Place Where the Basswood Bark Lay, possibly referring to a bark water pipeline running down a hillside, perhaps the first pipeline in America. ** The first Esopus War begins. ** Long Island's Montaukett Indians move west to the Maidstone (East Hampton) area to avoid marauding Naraganetts and are permitted by pastor Thomas James to camp near the parsonage.
Due to adoptions from conquered peoples the Iroquoian population peaks at about 25,000.
Jesuit priest François Gendron reports hearing about the Falls.
Heavy rains cause the Mohawk River west of Schenectady to overflow its banks, preventing local communication and delaying land sales for nearly a month. A large portion of grain crops are spoiled for planting purposes and will be used instead for fodder.
Arent Van Curler (Corlear) appears before the Council of State and applied for permission to purchase the site of Schenectady from the Mohawk Indians, and for a patent from the government.
Van Curler and his associates buy the site of Schenectady from the Mohawk Indians. Settlement begins later in the year.
Oude Dorp (Old Town) is founded on Staaten Eyelandt (Staten Island). ** The approximate date the sheriff is instructed to remove substandard privies. ** A ferry between the city and Communipaw, New Jersey, goes into service.
A slave in the colony successfully petitions for his freedom.
In appreciation for East Hampton settlers' aid given against the Narragansett Indians the Montauketts deed land lying west of Fort Pond to the town.
East Hampton makes an agreement with John and Stephen Hand and Isaak Hedges for the men to tend the cattle herd at Meantaquit for the equivalent of 20 shillings a week.
The Connecticut General Assembly institutes imprisonment and fines for any settlers, including those on Long Island, leaving to live with the Indians.
East Hampton gets a dog pound when they agree to pay John and Stephen Osburne £8 a year for keeping two older dogs of the village and to build the Osburnes a shed on their barn for the animals.
Lithuanian Protestants settle in the colony. ** Flushing Quaker John Bowne is imprisoned and fined for allowing fellow Quakers to meet in his home. Bowne appeals the case in Holland to the directors of the Dutch West India Company; they instruct Governor Peter Stuyvesant to overlook such cases where they do not actually interfere with local government. ** Dutch emigrant Willem Gerritsen dies in Brooklyn.
Arent Van Curler takes possession of his land near Schenectady, begins moving settlers in. ** The Dutch West India Company grants Fort Orange (Albany) municipal privileges. ** The approximate date the name of Maidstone, Long Island, is changed to East Hampton.
Charles II grants a charter uniting the Connecticut River towns with New Haven and towns on Long Island.
Historian Thomas Fuller refers to the gullible qualities of people of the mythical Gotham.
East Hampton divides into three parts for the purpose of processing whales. The Reverend Thomas James and Lion Gardiner will give a quart of liquor to each whale cutter in exchange for freedom from cutting the catch themselves.
The Proprietors of East Hampton and Southampton approve the selection of Quashawam (Heather Flower) as chief of the Montauk and Shinnecock tribes.
East Hampton orders Montauketts to stay out of the village until they are free of smallpox. ** Early East Hampton settler Lion Gardiner dies at the age of 64.
Citizens of Wiltwijck (later Kingston) New York, petition the government to pay the Esopus for Indian land settled on. Nothing is done.
The Esopus raid Wiltwijck, burning the 12 houses of the village, slaughtering 18 inhabitants, among them the wife of court secretary Matheus Capito, and taking 10 prisoners. Catherine DuBois, an ancestor of George S. Patton, Jr., annoys the Indians and is singled out to be burned at the stake. She fends off her captors by loudly singing hymns until help arrives. The Second Esopus War has begun.
Magistrates of the Wiltwijck region report the massacre to Stuyvesant in New Amsterdam.
Caught trying to sell his wife, Laurens Duyts is flogged and loses an ear. ** Willem Gerritsen's widow Mary marries Gerrit Remmersen. ** Stuyvesant travels to Boston to meet with the Commissioners of the United Colonies. ** Stuyvesant convenes the second Provincial Assembly.
Cornelius Viele opens Schenectady's first tavern, on the southwest corner of Mill Lane and State Street.
A major earthquake strikes the area between the Adirondack Mountains and the St. Lawrence valley.
Charles II grants his brother James, the Duke of York, the land between the Delaware River and the Connecticut River, including all of Long Island. Annual payment is forty
beaver skins, payable if demanded. Charles transfers all feudal power to James.
East Hampton's Isack Hedges agrees with the town to maintain a drum and drummer at the rate of forty shillings a year.
After a lengthy debate the town of East Hampton decides the purchase costs of the patent shoul be borne by all, in proportion to the amount of land each owns.
The Duke of York names Richard Nicolls as deputy-governor of New Netherland, still held by the Dutch, orders him to sail at once.
The First Assembly of New Netherland delegates convenes in New Amsterdam.
New Amsterdam carpenter Willem Abrahamsen Van der Borden and Red Lion Brewery owner Daniel Verveelen file a complaint against the town for allowing the establishment of a tannery between their two Prinsen Straet properties, endangering the water in their wells. They are ignored. ** New Amsterdam learns by way of Boston that an English fleet has recently departed.
When Nicolls demands the colony's surrender Stuyvesant stalls, playing for time.
When the council refuses to back him Stuyvesant surrenders the town to the English. It will be renamed New York City. The transfer ceremony is held at the Stadt-Huys. The newly-named Albany (for James, Duke of York and Albany, formerly named Fort Nassau, Fort Orange, Beverwyck, New Albany, and Willemstadt.
Albany surrenders to the British.
Nicolls looks on as East Hampton reaches an agreement with the sachem Quashawam, granting the Indian 4000 acres east of Fort Pond on Montauk Peninsula.
Long Island is removed from Connecticut's jurisdiction and placed under the Duke of York's. ** Lion Gardiner's widow Mary dies at the age of 64, leaving New York's Gardiner's Island to her son David, to be passed down from oldest son to oldest son.
East Hampton declares laws promulgated under Connecticut shall stand until replaced by New York Laws. Also, that it will be first-come-first-served at the mill for grinding corn.
East Hampton's Samuel Dayton family contracts out son Jacob to Thomas and Alice Baker for a 14-year period.
New Amsterdam's population reaches 1500. ** Law courts are held at the State House. ** Dutch settlers avoid sailing around the dangerous waters off Brooklyn's Red Hook by digging a canal from the East River to Gowanus Cove.
Early in the year governor Peter Stuyvesant orders Schenectady lands surveyed and apportioned among its settlers. ** Mahican Indians on the upper Hudson River move to the Stockbridge, Massachusetts, area under pressure from the Mohawk.
Governor Nicolls establishes Newmarket race course at Hempsted Plains, Long Island, for horse races.
©2002 David Minor / Eagles Byte