The Dutch offer the Pilgrims land around the mouth of the Hudson River. The offer is rejected.
The Dutch Staats turns down a Dutch request which would permit English pilgrims to settle the Hudson Valley.
Dutch governor Peter Minuit buys Manhattan island from the Indians. Sapokanican and three other farms are set aside for the Dutch West India Company.
Arent Van Curler, the founder of Schenectady, is born at Nijkerk, Holland.
A Dutch immigrant ship is wrecked on Sandy Hook. The crew and passengers get ashore and set out for Manhattan. Penelope van Princis stays behind with her seriously wounded husband. Raritan Indians find them, kill the husband and wound Penelope, leaving her for dead. She is captured by two Indians and eventually ransomed by New Amsterdam.
James I grants the Plymouth Company a colony in the New England area to stretch from the Atlantic to the Pacific (including what will become New York).
The Dutch West India Company (Geoctroyerde West-Indische Compagnie) monopoly is chartered in Holland by the States-General to control the Atlantic trade to North America and Africa. It is capitalized at 7,500,000 guilders. The British protest.
Sir Dudley Carleton, English ambassador in Holland, lodges a formal protest against the formation of the New Netherland colony.
Dutch trader Jacob Eelkes (Eelckens) captures a Pequot sachem on Long Island, threatens him with decapitation unless he pays a large ransom. The Pequot pays off Eelkes with 140 fathoms of wampum.
The Dutch ship New Netherland departs with 30 families aboard, the first settlers, for the mouth of the Hudson.
The New Netherland arrives in New York harbor.
The Dutch settlers arrive on Nooten Eylandt (Nut Island, now Governors Island) and begin farming.
The Dutch West India Company is organized and given control over all Dutch coastal areas along western Africa and in the Americas. It takes control of New Amsterdam. One of her ships there stays over the winter into next year, trading on the Hudson River and on Long Island Sound. ** The West India Company claims a monopoly on the fur trade. ** The Long Island settlement of Huntington begins keeping records when the English settlers note lands they purchase from the local Indians.
Fort Orange is built.
Cornelus Jacobsz is named director of New Amsterdam. ** 18 Walloon families settle near the site of Albany.
Bastiaen Jansz Krol is authorized to perform baptisms and marriages in Fort Orange (Albany). He founds the Dutch Reformed Church of North America.
Dutch West India Company ships have returned to the Netherlands, bringing reports of great success in the New Amsterdam colonies. They carry furs worth 50,000 guilders.
Farmers on Nooten Eylandt move to Manhattan to get more room for their crops. Walloon settlers sent by the Dutch West India Company arrive on Manhattan Island, with Captain Cornelius May on the Nieu Netherland and join them. A small contingent is left on the island. The rest split up and move to the east shore of the Delaware River (where they found Fort Nassau), and to the Albany area.
A few buildings are erected within the walls of Fort Orange. ** The Dutch West India Company brings 30 families to settle in the Albany area. ** Fighting resumes between the Mohawk and Mahican near Albany.
The Spanish capture Wesel. Townsman Peter Minuit leaves for the Netherlands.
The Dutch West India Company issues the Provisional Orders, warning colonists they are going to the New World strictly as employees and will follow all company directives as to the location of settlements and farms, and the crops planted.
Sarah de Rapaelje is born in Breuckelen (Brooklyn) to Jan Joris Rapaelje and his wife, the first child of European parents born in New Netherland.
A second Dutch West India Company ship arrives, carrying over a hundred settlers and 103 head of livestock, as well as Willem Verhulst, who is to replace Cornelis Jacobsz as director of New Amsterdam. ** The approximate date Brooklyn is first settled. ** The site of Fort Amsterdam is staked out by Cryn Fredericks, at the southern tip of Manhattan.
A crude Dutch map of Long Island refers to the Matouwax (Metoac) tribe.
The Dutch West India Company sacks San Juan, Puerto Rico. They capture a bell which will be used next year for the tower in a horse mill in New Amsterdam.
Peter Minuit's ship Meeuwken (Seagull), delayed by winter storms, sails from Texel, Holland.
The approximate month Minuit buys Manhattan island from the Canarsie (Wappinger Confederacy) Indians.
Minuit arrives at the site of the future New Amsterdam in the Sea-mew.
Minuit buys Staten Island from the natives.
Willem Verhulst and his wife return to the Netherlands aboard the ship The Arms of Amsterdam. The ship also carries a letter from Secretary and commercial agent Isaak de Rasière to the directors of the Amsterdam Chamber of the West India Company - the first known letter written from New Amsterdam, announcing Peter Minuit's purchase of Manhattan Island from the Canarsie Indians for 60 guilders.
The Dutch West India Company, having received the letter from New Amsterdam, report to the Dutch government.
Minuit is appointed by a council of Dutch West India Company directors as first director-general of New Netherlands, replacing company agent Willem Verhulst, who had been accused of mismanagement. ** The first flour mill in the colony is built. ** The colony sends 7,258 beaver skins to Holland. ** The fear of Indian attacks causes the Fort Orange settlers to be removed to Manhattan, leaving only a few troops behind. Engineer Kryn Frederycks lays out Fort Amsterdam on the lower end of Manhattan Island, where the Customs House stands today. He lays out a bouwery (farm) and a burying ground. ** The population reaches 200. ** The approximate date the Dutch West India Company imports black slaves from Africa for the fur trade and construction business. ** Minuit gives the Lenape Indians 60 guilders worth of trade goods for their share in Manhattan (May or June).
Governor William Bradford writes to the Dutch at New Amsterdam, expressing the Pilgrims' appreciation for treatment they received while living in the Netherlands.
Bradford writes the government in New Amsterdam, again thanking the Dutch for their hospitality to the Pilgrims.
Dutch West India Company secretary Isaak de Rasières travels to New Plymouth to arrange a trade arrangement. ** The Company sends goods worth 56,170 guilders to New Amsterdam and receives 7,520 beaver pelts and 370 otter skins, worth 56,420 guilders.
Jonas Michaelius, the first Dutch Reformed minister in the colonies, arrives and founds the forerunner of the Collegiate Reformed Dutch Church.
Michaelius writes a letter describing the settlement of New Amsterdam to those back in Holland. He writes a second such letter three days later.
The Dutch West India Company imports three female slaves from Angola.
Albany's Fort Orange is rebuilt. ** The Iroquois have driven the Mahican east of the Hudson River.
To encourage colonization the Dutch West India Company's Charter of Freedoms and Exemptions (Charter of Liberties) establishes the patroon system in New Netherland (New York). In exchange for a trade monopoly the Company agrees to supply slaves and build a better fort on Manhattan. Indian lands outside of Manhattan must be purchased from them. Amsterdam pearl merchant Killian van Rensselaer is given the first charter.
Jonas Bronk buys 500 acres of land north of Manhattan from the local Indians.
© 2002 David Minor / Eagles Byte
EAGLES BYTE HOME PAGE